BIDI LEAF TREE

Bauhinia Racemosa

Reference No :

0013

Scientific Name :

Bauhinia Racemosa

Sinhala Name :

මයිල (MAILA)

Tamil Name :

ஆத்தி (ATTI)

Other Common Names :

Plant Family :

Fabaceae

Plant Group :

Angiosperms (Enclosed Seed)

Crown Architecture :

Spreading Canopy

Plant Categories :

Beach side plant;   Border Plants;   Canopy plants;   Common Landscaping Plants;   Courtyard Plants;   Dry Zone Plants;   Flowering Plants;   Forest Trees;   Hedging Plants;   Herbal Plants;   Intermediate Zone Plants;   Light Green Plants;   Low leaf density plants;   Low Maintenance Plants;   Medium Size Trees;   Ornamental Plants;   Parking Area Plants;   Roadside Plants;   Rooftop Plants;   Sacred Plants;   Seasonal Plant;   Shady Plants;   Small Leaves Plants;   Small Shrubs;   Fast Growing Plant;   Sun Loving Plants;   Trees;   Wild Plants;   Partially Deciduous Plants

Native Region(s) :

Tropical Southeast Asia

Plant Distribution(s) :

Sri Lanka, India, Pakistan, Southeast Asia. and China

Elevation :

Above sea level up to 1,650 m

Average Height :

3.00 - 8.00 m

Maximum Height :

15.00

Average Width :

8.00m

Maximum Width :

10.00

Propogation(s) :

By Seeds;   By Cutting

Average Longevity :

more than 50 years

Maturity Longevity :

10 years

Indoor :

No

Meicinal Use :

Yes

Medicinal Value :

Parts used in Medicine

  • Flowers
  • Leaves
  • Glue
  • Stem bark

Treatment for

  • Epistaxis
  • Malarial Neuralgia and Faints
  • Diarrhea
  • Internal hemorrhage
  • Abortions

Benefits & Uses :

Strong fiber from the inner bark is used in rope-making

The leaves are used in the production of beedi, a thin Indian cigarette. 

The inner bark yields a bast fiber that can be made into rude cordage, but which soon rots in water. It is reddish in color, very tough and strong, and has been used in the construction of bridges.

The brown wood has irregular dark patches near the center. It is hard. The wood is not much used, though it makes a good fuel.

Plant Disease(s) :

Root Rot Disease;   Leaf Spot;   Leaf scorch

Foliage

Leaf Shape :

Obcordate shape

Leaf Arrangement :

Alternate leaf arrangement

Flowering

Is Flowering :

Yes

Fruiting

Bears Fruits :

Yes

Maintenance

Soil Types :

Silt Soil;   Well Drained Soil

Water :

Low

Sunlight :

Full

Humidity :

High

Edibility

Is Edible :

No

Legal Status

Flora and Fauna Protection Ordinance :

No

Forest Department List :

No